How to Create Fake Access Points using Scapy in Python

Creating fake access points and fooling nearby devices by sending valid beacon frames to the air using scapy in python.
  · 5 min read · Updated may 2022 · Ethical Hacking · Packet Manipulation Using Scapy

Have you ever wondered how your laptop or mobile phone knows which wireless networks are available nearby? It is actually straightforward. Wireless Access Points continually send beacon frames to all nearby wireless devices; these frames include information about the access point, such as the SSID (name), type of encryption, MAC address, etc.

In this tutorial, you will learn how to send beacon frames into the air using the Scapy library in Python to forge fake access points successfully!

Necessary packages to install for this tutorial:

pip3 install faker scapy

To ensure Scapy is installed properly, head to this tutorial or check the official scapy documentation for complete installation for all environments.

It is highly suggested that you follow along with the Kali Linux environment, as it provides pre-installed utilities we need in this tutorial.

Before we dive into the exciting code, you need to enable monitor mode in your network interface card:

  • You need to make sure you're in a Unix-based system.
  • Install the aircrack-ng utility:
apt-get install aircrack-ng

Note: The aircrack-ng utility comes pre-installed with Kali Linux, so you shouldn't run this command if you're on Kali.

  • Enable monitor mode using the airmon-ng command:
[email protected]:~# airmon-ng check kill

Killing these processes:

  PID Name
  735 wpa_supplicant
[email protected]:~# airmon-ng start wlan0

PHY    Interface    Driver     Chipset

phy0   wlan0        ath9k_htc  Atheros Communications, Inc. TP-Link TL-WN821N v3 / TL-WN822N v2 802.11n [Atheros AR7010+AR9287]

               (mac80211 monitor mode vif enabled for [phy0]wlan0 on [phy0]wlan0mon)
               (mac80211 station mode vif disabled for [phy0]wlan0)

Note: My USB WLAN stick is named wlan0 in my case, you should run the ifconfig command and see your proper network interface name.

Alright, now you have everything set, let's start with a simple recipe first:

from scapy.all import *

# interface to use to send beacon frames, must be in monitor mode
iface = "wlan0mon"
# generate a random MAC address (built-in in scapy)
sender_mac = RandMAC()
# SSID (name of access point)
ssid = "Test"
# 802.11 frame
dot11 = Dot11(type=0, subtype=8, addr1="ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff", addr2=sender_mac, addr3=sender_mac)
# beacon layer
beacon = Dot11Beacon()
# putting ssid in the frame
essid = Dot11Elt(ID="SSID", info=ssid, len=len(ssid))
# stack all the layers and add a RadioTap
frame = RadioTap()/dot11/beacon/essid
# send the frame in layer 2 every 100 milliseconds forever
# using the `iface` interface
sendp(frame, inter=0.1, iface=iface, loop=1)

The above code does the following:

We generate a random MAC address and set the name of the access point we want to create, and then we create an 802.11 frame. The fields are:

  • type=0:  indicates that it is a management frame.
  • subtype=8:  indicates that this management frame is a beacon frame.
  • addr1: refers to the destination MAC address, in other words, the receiver's MAC address. We use the broadcast address here ("ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff"). If you want this fake access point to appear only in a target device, you can use the target's MAC address.
  • addr2: source MAC address, the sender's MAC address.
  • addr3: the MAC address of the access point.

Related: How to Make a MAC Address Changer in Python

So we should use the same MAC address of addr2 and addr3 because the sender is the access point!

We create our beacon frame with SSID Infos, then stack them all together and send them using Scapy's sendp() function.

After we set up our interface into monitor mode and execute the script, we should see something like that in the list of available Wi-Fi access points:

Fake Access Point

Now let's get a little bit fancier and create many fake access points at the same time:

from scapy.all import *
from threading import Thread
from faker import Faker

def send_beacon(ssid, mac, infinite=True):
    dot11 = Dot11(type=0, subtype=8, addr1="ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff", addr2=mac, addr3=mac)
    # ESS+privacy to appear as secured on some devices
    beacon = Dot11Beacon(cap="ESS+privacy")
    essid = Dot11Elt(ID="SSID", info=ssid, len=len(ssid))
    frame = RadioTap()/dot11/beacon/essid
    sendp(frame, inter=0.1, loop=1, iface=iface, verbose=0)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    # number of access points
    n_ap = 5
    iface = "wlan0mon"
    # generate random SSIDs and MACs
    faker = Faker()
    ssids_macs = [ (faker.name(), faker.mac_address()) for i in range(n_ap) ]
    for ssid, mac in ssids_macs:
        Thread(target=send_beacon, args=(ssid, mac)).start()

All I did here was wrap the previous lines of code in a function, generate random MAC addresses and SSIDs using the faker package, and then start a separate thread for each access point. Once you execute the script, the interface will send five beacons each 100 milliseconds (at least in theory). This will result in appearing of five fake access points. Check this out:

Fake Access Points

Here is how it looks on Android OS:

Fake Access Points

If you're unsure how to use threads, check this tutorial.

That is amazing. Note that attempting to connect to one of these access points will fail, as they are not real access points, just an illusion!

RELATED: How to Make a DNS Spoof attack using Scapy in Python.

Alright, that's it, Happy Crafting ♥

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