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Controlling the computer mouse in code is a handy task, as it can be helpful for desktop automation, making useful desktop agents, etc. In this tutorial, you will learn how you can control the mouse in Python.
We gonna be using the convenient mouse library, let's install it:
$ pip3 install mouse
This module helps us take full control of our mouse, such as hooking global events, registering hotkeys, simulating mouse movement and clicks, and much more!
First, let's see how we can simulate mouse clicks:
import mouse # left click mouse.click('left') # right click mouse.click('right') # middle click mouse.click('middle')
Note: It is suggested to run these statements individually in a Python interactive shell such as a Jupyter notebook or IPython.
click() method does what its name suggests, it sends a click with the given button, try it out!
Second, you can also get the current position of the mouse:
In : mouse.get_position() Out: (646, 407)
You can drag something with the mouse:
# drag from (0, 0) to (100, 100) relatively with a duration of 0.1s mouse.drag(0, 0, 100, 100, absolute=False, duration=0.1)
Setting absolute equal to False with (0, 0) start positions means that it drags from the current position to 100 farther (in x and y).
Test this on a file you want to drag on your desktop!
Next, you can also determine whether a button is pressed:
# whether the right button is clicked In : mouse.is_pressed("right") Out: False
You can also move the mouse:
# move 100 right & 100 down mouse.move(100, 100, absolute=False, duration=0.2)
This will move the mouse relatively in a duration of 0.2 seconds.
You can also make callbacks that are called whenever an event occurs, such as a mouse click:
# make a listener when left button is clicked mouse.on_click(lambda: print("Left Button clicked.")) # make a listener when right button is clicked mouse.on_right_click(lambda: print("Right Button clicked."))
The above code makes simple callbacks whenever the mouse's buttons are clicked, here we just used lambda functions for demonstration purposes, you are free to use any function to do whatever you want.
If you want to remove the listeners, you can call unhook_all() to remove all the listeners:
# remove the listeners when you want mouse.unhook_all()
You can also control the mouse wheel, let's scroll down:
# scroll down mouse.wheel(-1)
# scroll up mouse.wheel(1)
Finally, you can record all mouse events and then replay them:
# record until you click right events = mouse.record()
This will record all mouse events until the right button is pressed. Then it returns a list of events recorded, let's replay them:
# replay these events mouse.play(events[:-1])
The reason I set events[:-1] instead of all events is that I don't want to play the right button click.
Here are some ideas you can do with this module:
You can combine this with controlling your keyboard in Python and let's see what you can build with these!
Finally, many of the Python concepts aren't discussed in detail here, if you feel you want to dig more into Python, I highly suggest you get one of these amazing courses:
Alright, we are done! Check the full code.
Learn also: How to Record your Screen in Python.
Happy Coding ♥View Full Code